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Sociology: People


Nasar Meer

Nasar Meer
Professor Nasar Meer FAcSS FRSE
22a Buccleuch Place Edinburgh UK

I work across a number of related topics that might be summed up as ways of framing unity and diversity. 

The first is the study of citizenship and how collective membership is conceived and operationalised, as well as a theory of action that explains self definition and political participation in relations to this. 

Secondly, I work on the topic of race as both a category of social theory and public policy, the former as a means of understanding modernity and difference, and the latter in terms of race equality and public policy.

Thirdly I've long been engaged in a reading of the African-American scholar W. E. B. Du Bois, and the relationship between his concept of 'double consciousness' and ideas of recognition and misrecognition.

Fourthly, I study the sociology and politics of antisemitism and Islamophobia, including their relationship(s) to each other and other forms of racialization.

Fifthly, I research migration in a comparative context, specifically the ways in which localities and city regions respond to displaced migrants and refugees. 

Finally, I'm interested in the development of what I call 'Muslim consciousness' and how this features in debates about globalisation, the public sphere and secularism.

Selected Publications


  1. Meer, N. (2020) (Ed) Whiteness and Nationalism. London: Routledge.
  2. Smith, K., Bandola, J., Meer, N., Stewart., and Watermeyer, R. (2020) The Impact Agenda:  Controversies,  Consequences and Challenges. UK. Bristol: Policy Press.
  3. Meer, N. (2017) (eds) Islam and Modernity (Volumes 1-4). Critical Concepts in Sociology: Routledge.
  4. Meer, N., Modood, T., and Zapata-Barrero (2016) (eds) Interculturalism and Multiculturalism: Debating the Dividing Lines. Edinburgh University Press.
  5. Meer, N. (2015) Citizenship, Identity & the Politics of Multiculturalism. Basingstoke: Palgrave. (Revised 2nd Edition).
  6. Meer, N. (2014) Race & Ethnicity. Sage.
  7. Meer, N. (2014) (Ed) Racialization and Religion. Routledge.
  8. Tryandifillidou, A,. Modood, T., and Meer, N. (eds) (2012) European Multiculturalism(s): Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges. Edinburgh University Press.
  9. Meer, N. and Gabler, J. (2011) Sociology for Dummies. John-Wiley.
  10. Meer, N. (2010) Citizenship, Identity & the Politics of Multiculturalism. Basingstoke: Palgrave (1st Edition).

Special Issues

  1. Jenson, Y. and Meer, N. (2020) 'Genealogies of ‘Jews’ and ‘Muslims’: social imaginaries in the race–religion nexus', Patterns of Prejudice, 54 (1-2), 1-214.
  2. Meer, N.  (2019) 'Whiteness and Nationalisms', Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 26 (5), 501-630.
  3. Meer, N., Leonard, P., Taylor, S., O’Connor, H. and Offer, J. (2016) Bringing it ‘Home’? Sociological Practice and the Practice of Sociology, Sociology (50: 5), 835-1036. 
  4. Meer, N., Nayak, A. and Pande, R. (2015) Race Matters, special issue of Sociological Research On-Line. 20 (3), 13.
  5. Meer, N. and Nayak, A. (2013) (eds) Race Ends Where?, e-special issue of Sociology.
  6. Meer, N. (ed.) (2013) The Role of Race, Culture and Difference in Antisemitism and Islamophobia, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36 (3), pp: 385-515.
  7. Meer, N., Martineau, W.  & Thompson, S. (eds) (2012) Misrecognition and Ethno-Religious Diversity, Ethnicities, 12 (2), pp: 131-248.
  8. Thompson, S., Meer, N. & Martineau, W. (eds) (2012) The Politics of Misrecognition, Res Publica, 18 (1), pp: 1-106.


  1. Meer, N., Hill, E., Peace, T. and Villegas, L. (in press) 'Rethinking Refuge in the Time of COVID 19', Ethnic and Racial Studies.
  2. Meer, N.,  Dimaio, C., Hill, E., Angeli, A., Oberg, K and Emilsson, H. (in press) ''Governing displaced migration in Europe: Housing and the role of the “local”', Comparative Migration Studies.
  3. Hill, E., Meer, N., and Peace, T. (in press) 'Displacement, Immobility and the Role of Asylum in Urban Regeneration', The Sociological Review
  4. Meer, N. (2020) ‘Race equality in a devolved context – assessing the obstacles and opportunities for a ‘Scottish approach’’, Journal of Social Policy, 49 (2), 233-250.
  5. Jenson, Y. and Meer, N. (2020) 'Genealogies of ‘Jews’ and ‘Muslims’', Patterns of Prejudice, 54 (1-2), 1-14.
  6. Meer, N. (2019) ‘The wreckage of white supremacy’, Identities, 26 (5), 501-509.
  7. Mouritsen, P., Faas, D., Meer, N. and Witte, N. (2019) ‘Leitkultur debates as civic integration in North-Western Europe: The nationalism of ‘values’ and ‘good citizenship’, Ethnicities, 19 (4), 632-653.
  8. Breen, D and Meer, N. (2019) ‘Securing whiteness?: Critical Race Theory (CRT) and the securitization of Muslims in education’, Identities, 26 (5), 595-613.
  9. N. Meer, (2019) ‘The Bristol School of Multiculturalism, and the political sociology of identity’, Ethnicities, 19 (6), 91-98.
  10. Meer, N. (2018) 'Race Equality After Enoch Powell', The Political Quarterly, 89 (3), 417-433.
  11. Meer, N. (2018) 'W. E. B. Du Bois, double consciousness and the ‘spirit’ of recognition’, The Sociological Review, 67 (1), 47-62.
  12. Meer, N. (2018) ‘Race and postcolonialism: should one come before the other?’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 46 (1), 1163-1181.
  13. Meer, N. (2017) ‘Modelling Equality Policy in the ‘Brexit Archipelago’ - what will race equality look like in Brexit Britain?, Journal of Social Policy, 46 (4), 657-674. 
  14. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2016) 'Religious pluralism in United States and Britain: its implications for Muslims and nationhood, Social Compass, 62(4), pp. 526-540.
  15. Meer, N., Leonard, P., Taylor, S., O’Connor, H. and Offer, J. (2016) Bringing it ‘Home’? Sociology, 50 (5), 835-846.
  16. Meer, N. (2016) ‘Sociologists, Archbishops and ‘making a verb of a noun’’, Ethnic and Racial Studies Review, 39 (3), 392-396.
  17. Meer, N. (2016) 'The ties that blind us - the hidden assumptions of the 'liberal dilemma', Comparative Migration Studies, 4 (7), 2-6.
  18. Meer, N., Mouritsen, P., Faas, D. and de Witte, N. (2015) 'Retracing the 'retreat': Exploring post-multicultural and civic turns in the Netherlands, Britain, Germany and Denmark', American Behavioral Scientist, 59 (6), 702-726.
  19. Kapilashramia, A., Hill, S., and Meer, N. (2015) ‘What can health inequalities researchers learn from an intersectionality perspective? Understanding social dynamics with an inter-categorical approach', Social Theory and Health, 13, (3), pp 288–307.
  20. O'Toole, T., Meer, N., DeHanas, D., Jones, S., and Modood, T. (2016) 'Governing through Prevent? Regulation and Contested Practice in State-Muslim Engagement', Sociology, 50 (1), 160-177.
  21. Meer, N. (2015) 'Looking up in Scotland? Multinationalism, multiculturalism and political elites', Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38 (9), 1477-1496.
  22. Dobbernack, J., Meer, N. & Modood, T. (2015) 'Misrecognition and political agency: The case of Muslim organizations in a General Election', The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 17 (2), 189-206
  23. Meer, N. (2014) 'Is Islamophobia a postcolonial category?', Patterns of Prejudice, 48 (5), 500-515.
  24. Jones, S. H, O'Toole, T, De Hanas, D. N., Modood, T and Meer, N. (2015), ‘A ‘System of Self-appointed Leaders’? Examining Modes of Muslim Representation in Britain’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 17 (2), 207–223.
  25. Meer, N., Nayak, A., and Pande, R., (2015) ‘Race matters and the matter of race’, Sociological Research On-Line, 20 (3), 13, DOI: 10.5153/sro.3782
  26. Meer, N. (2015) ‘Bringing the margins into the middle: racism, class and the racialized outsider’, Ethnic and Racial Studies Review, 39 (13), 2225-2230.
  27. Mandel, R., Meer. N., Silverstein, P., Robbins, J. Özyürek,, E. (2015) ‘Islamophobia, Religious Conversion, and Belonging in Europe’, History and Anthropology,
  28. Meer, N. & Modood, T. (2014) 'Cosmopolitanism and integrationism: Is multiculturalism in Britain a zombie category?', Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 21 (6), 658-674.
  29. Meer, N. (2014) 'Revisiting the crossroads: returning to The Empire Strikes Back', Ethnic and Racial Studies Review, 37 (10), 1793-1801.
  30. Meer, N. and Nayak, A. (2013) 'Race, Racism and Contemporary Sociology', Sociology. DOI0038038513501943.
  31. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2013) 'Beyond "Methodological Islamism"? A Thematic Discussion of ‘Islamic’ Immigrants in Europe', Advances in Applied Sociology, 3 (7): 307-313.
  32. Meer, N. (2013) ‘Scales, Semantics, and Solidarities in the study of Antisemitism and Islamophobia’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36 (3), 500-515.
  33. Meer, N. (2013) 'The Role of Race, Culture and Difference in Antisemitism and Islamophobia', Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36 (3), 385-398.
  34. Martineau, W. Meer, N. and Thompson, S. (2012) 'Theory and practice in the politics of misrecognition', Res Publica, 18 (1), pp: 1-9.
  35. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2012) ‘How does Interculturalism contrast with Multiculturalism?’, Journal of Intercultural Studies, 33 (1), 175-197.
  36. Modood, T. & Meer, N. (2012) ‘Assessing the divergences on our reading of interculturalism and multiculturalism’, Journal of Intercultural Studies, 33 (2), pp: 233-244 (rejoinder to Will Kymlicka, Michel Wiveworka, Pnina Werbner, and Geoff Levey).
  37. Meer, N., Martineau, W. & Thompson, S. (2012) ‘Misrecognition and ethno-religious diversity', Ethnicities, 12 (2), pp: 131-141.
  38. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2012) ‘For “Jewish” Read “Muslim”? Islamophobia as a Form of Racialisation of Ethno-Religious Groups in Britain Today’, Islamophobia Studies Journal, 1 (1), 36-55
  39. Meer, N. (2012) ‘Misrecognising Muslim consciousness in Europe’, Ethnicities, 12 (2), 178-197.
  40. Meer, N. (2012) ‘Complicating ‘Radicalism’ – Counter-Terrorism and Muslim identity in Britain’, Arches Quarterly, 5 (9), pp: 10-20.
  41. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2011) Analysing the Growing Scepticism Towards the Idea of Islamophobia’, Arches Quarterly, 4 (7), pp: 116-128.
  42. Meer, N. (2010) ‘An Overview of Muslim-State Engagement in the UK’, Anglo Files, 158, pp: 16-32.
  43. Meer, N., Dwyer, C. and Modood, T. (2010) ‘Beyond 'angry' Muslims - the representation of Muslim voices in the British press’, Journal of Media and Religion, 9 (1), 216-231
  44. Meer, N. (2010) ‘The impact of European Equality Directives on British Anti-Discrimination Legislation’, Policy & Politics, 38 (2), 197-215.
  45. Meer, N., Dwyer, C., and Modood, T. (2010) ‘Embodying Nationhood? Conceptions of British national identity, citizenship and gender in the 'veil affair',’ The Sociological Review, 58 (1), 84-111.
  46. Meer, N. (2009) ‘Identity articulations, mobilisation and autonomy in the movement for Muslim Schools in Britain’, Race Ethnicity and Education, 12 (3), 379–398.
  47. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2009) ‘The multicultural state we’re in: Muslims, ‘multiculture’, and the Civic re-balancing of British multiculturalism’, Political Studies, 57 (1), 473-497.
  48. Meer, N. and Modood. T (2009) ‘Refutations of racism in the ‘Muslim Question’’, Patterns of Prejudice, 43 (3/4), 332-351.
  49. Meer, N. and Mouritsen, P. (2009) ‘Political Cultures Compared’, Ethnicities, 9 (3), 334-360.
  50. Meer, N. (2008) ‘The politics of voluntary and in voluntary identities: are Muslims in Britain an ethnic, racial or religious minority?’, Patterns of Prejudice, 41 (5), 61-81.
  51. Meer, N. and Noorani, T. (2008) ‘A sociological comparison of anti-Semitism and anti-Muslim sentiment’, The Sociological Review, 56 (2), 195-219.
  52. Meer, N., and Modood, T. (2008) ‘British multiculturalism and her Muslims’, Global Dialogue, 9 (3), 87-99.
  53. Meer, N. (2007) ‘Muslim Schools in Britain: challenging mobilisations or logical developments?’ Asia-Pacific Journal of Education, 27 (1), 55-71.
  54. Meer, N. (2007) ‘Less equal than others? Thirty years after the Race Relations Act’, Index on Censorship, 36 (2), 114-118.
  55. Meer, N. 2006 Get off your knees’ - Print media public intellectuals and Muslims in Britain, Journalism Studies, 7 (1), 35-59.

Book Chapters

  1. Meer, N. (2020) 'Modernity, Race and Religion', in J. Solomos (Ed.) Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Racisms. London: Routledge. 
  2. Meer, N. (2020) ‘Race and social policy: challenges and obstacles’, Social Policy Review 32: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy. Policy Press.
  3. Meer, N. (2020) ‘Race and ethnicity’, in N. Ellison and T, Haux (2020) (eds) Handbook on Society and Social Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  4. Peace, T. and Meer, N. (2020) 'Ethnicity Diversity', M. Garnett, M. (Ed.) The Routledge Handbook of British Politics and Society. London: Routledge.
  5. Hill, E. and Meer, N. (2020) ‘Ethnic Minorities and Political Citizenship in Scotland’, Oxford Handbook of Scottish Politics,ed. M. Keating, OUP.
  6. Meer N. and Modood T. (2019) 'Accentuating Multicultural Britishness: An Open or Closed Activity?', in: E. Ashcroft and B. Bevir (eds.) Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth. California: University of California Press. 
  7. Meer, N. (2018) ‘Whiteness and racialization’, in: P. Hervik (eds) Racialization, Racism, and AntiRacism in the Nordic Countries. Palgrave. 
  8. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2018) ‘The racialization of Muslims’, in I. Zempi and I. Alawan (eds) The Routledge International Handbook of Islamophobia. London: Routledge.
  9. Meer, N. (2018) 'Misrecognising Muslim Consciousness in Europe', in: Yaqin, A., Morey, P., and Soliman, A. (2018) (eds) Muslims, Trust and Multiculturalism. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
  10. Meer, N. and Breen, D. (2018) ‘Muslim schools in Britain – between mobilisation and incorporation’, in: Bakar, A. M. (Ed) Living the faith, Engaging the mind. Routledge. 
  11. Meer, N. (2017) 'Past, Present and Future', in N. Meer (Ed) Islam and Modernity (Volumes 1-4). Critical Concepts in Sociology: Routledge
  12.  Dobbernack, J., Meer, N., and Modood, T. (2017) 'Misrecognition and Political Agency', in: M. Peucker and R. Ceylan (eds) Muslim Community Organizations in the West. Berlin: Springer.
  13. Gidley, B. and Meer, N. (2016) 'Communities and Identity', in: Y. Meri (eds) The Routledge Handbook of Muslim-Jewish Relations. New York: Routledge.
  14. Meer, N., Modood, T. and Zapata-Barrero, R. (2016) ‘A Plural Century’, in: N. Meer at al., (eds) Interculturalism and Multiculturalism: Debating the Dividing Lines. Edinburgh University Press.
  15. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2016) ‘Interculturalism, multiculturalism and citizenship’, in: N. Meer et al., (eds) Interculturalism and Multiculturalism: Debating the Dividing Lines. Edinburgh University Press.
  16. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2016) ‘British Muslims in Twenty First Century Britain: Structural and Cultural Perspectives’, in: R. Mason (Ed) The State and Relations with Muslim Minorities in the USA, Europe and Asia in the Modern Era. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
  17. Meer, N., Uberoi, V. and Modood, T. (2015) 'Nationhood and Muslims in Britain', in: N. Foner and P. Simon (2015) Fear and Anxiety over National Identity. New York: Russell Sage.
  18. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2015) 'Migration and Cultural Diversity Challenges in the 21st Century', in:  A. Triandafyllidou (Ed.) Routledge Handbook on Immigrant and Refugee Studies. Routledge.
  19. Meer, N. (2015) ‘Pluralism and national identity: observations from theory’, in: Pluralism and Britishness. Coventry: Dialogue Society.
  20. Massoumi, N. and Meer, N. (2014) ‘Multiculturalism and Citizenship’, in: H-R Heijden (2014) (Ed.) Handbook of Political Citizenship and Social Movements. Edward Elgar Press.
  21. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2013) 'Interacting Interculturalism with Multiculturalism: observations on theory and practice', in: M. Barrett (in press) Interculturalism and Multiculturalism: Similarities and Differences. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.
  22. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2013) ‘Contemporary developments in European citizenship regimes’, in D. Kiwan (Ed.) (2013-in press) Naturalization Policies, Education and Citizenship: Multicultural and Multi-nation Societies in International Perspective. Palgrave.
  23. Modood, T. & Meer, N. (2013) ‘Multiculturalism’, in: J. Krieger (Ed.) (2013) The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  24. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2013) ‘The ‘Civic Re-balancing’ of British Multiculturalism, and beyond…’, in: R. Taras (Ed.) Challenging Multiculturalism: Managing Diversity in Europe. Edinburgh: EUP.
  25. Modood, T. and Meer, N. (2013) ‘Framing Contemporary Citizenship and Diversity in Europe’, in: R. Taras (Ed.) Challenging Multiculturalism: Managing Diversity in Europe. Edinburgh: EUP.
  26. Meer, N. (2012) ‘Negotiating faith and politics: the emergence of Muslim consciousness in Britain’, in W. Ahmed & Z. Sardar (eds), Muslims in Britain: Making Social and Political Space. Routledge.
  27. Modood, T. Dobbernack, J., and Meer, N. (2012) ‘Great Britain’, in: R. Zapata-Barrero and A. Triandafyllidou (eds.) (2012) Addressing tolerance and diversity discourses in Europe A Comparative Overview of 16 European Countries. CIDOB. Barcelona Centre for International Affairs.  Available on-line here:
  28. Meer, N., and Modood. T. (2011) ‘The multicultural states we’re in’, in: Tryandifillidou, A,. Modood, T., and Meer, N. (eds), European Multiculturalism(s): Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges. Edinburgh University Press.
  29. Modood, T., and Meer, N. (2011) ‘Framing Multicultural Citizenship in Europe’, in: Tryandifillidou, A,. Modood, T., and Meer, N. (eds), European Multiculturalism(s): Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges. Edinburgh University Press.
  30. Uberoi, V., Meer, N., Modood, T., Dwyer, C. (2011) ‘Feeling and Being British and Muslim’, in: T. Modood and J. Salt (eds), Global Migration and Citizenship: The UK Experience. Palgave.
  31. Meer, N. (2011) ‘W.E.B. Du Bois and the Politics of Misrecognition’, in: S. Thompson & M. Yar (eds) The Politics of Misrecognition. Ashgate.
  32. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2011) ‘Diversity, Identity, and Multiculturalism in the Media’, in: G. Cheney, S., May., and D. Munshi  (eds) Handbook Of Communication Ethics. Routledge.
  33. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2010) 'Refutations of Racism', in: M. Malik (Ed.) Anti-Muslim Prejudice Past and Present. London: Routledge.
  34. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2010) ‘Contemporary developments in cases of Muslim-state engagement’, in: A. Triandyfillidou (Ed.) Muslims in 21st Century Europe: Structural and Cultural Perspectives. Routledge.
  35. Meer, N. and Modood, T. (2010) ‘Islamophobia as cultural racism? Martin Amis and the racialization of Muslims’, in: A. K. Vakil and S. Sayyid and (eds) Thinking Through Islamophobia. Hurst & Co.
  36. Meer, N., Sala Pala, V., Modood, T., and Simon, P. (2009) ‘Religion, Culture, Identity, and Education in Western Europe’, in: J. Banks (Ed.) The Routledge International Companion To Multicultural Education. New York: Routledge.

Topics interested in supervising

I would be happy to supervise students working on theoretical, empirical or public policy approaches to the study of Race, Racialization or Decolonial Studies; Ethnicity; Citizenship, Multiculturalism ; Identity; Religion and Society, Muslim Identities, Media and Public Discourse, and Education, amongst others.

If you are interested in being supervised by Nasar Meer, please see the links below for more information:

PhD in Politics; PhD in Social Policy; PhD in Sociology; MSc (R) Sociology