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Sociology: People


Lee Chalmers

Lee Chalmers
Lee Chalmers
Edinburgh UK EH8 9LD
Research Interests
Feminism, Political representation, Cybermisogyny, Public life, Gender, Gender theory, Trolling, Feminist Theory, Sociology

PhD title: "Online vitriol and women’s engagement in feminist activism and debate in the UK

My PhD research looks into how feminist women experience and engage with online conflict and debate and how this shapes their engagement in feminist activism both on and offline. I am seeking participants to be involved in this research.  If you are a woman and think of yourself as a feminist, are aged over 18, and have experienced or engaged in online conflict and debate relating to feminism, including the more negative aspects of it, and you think you might be interested in taking part I would be very interested to hear from you. These experiences might have involved you directly but also indirectly – for instance, you might have seen this among people in your own online networks. Your participation would involve a one-to-one interview conducted online via a video-chat facility such as skype and lasting about an hour. As all of the research will be conducted online you will not need to attend any specific physical place, and you can participate from anywhere within the UK.

If you are interested in finding out more, please email me directly at and I can provide more information to enable you decide whether to take part and answer any questions that you might have about this research. 


Dr Julie Brownlie and Dr Mary Holmes

Previous research:

MSc thesis: The thesis sought to understand how the problem of online abuse has been conceptualised and represented by legislators in the UK and what implications that representation has for gender equality. Utilising Carol Bacchis ‘What’s the problem represented to be? framework it analysed the applicable legislation (Malicious Communications Act 1998 and Communications Act 2003) and the Crown Prosecution Service guidelines on prosecuting messages sent via social media. It paid particular attention to how the problem representation has changed over the last decade and in doing so argued that priority has been given to a discourse of freedom of expression that intersects with a conceptual silence around gender to discount women's experience of online abuse and foreclose credible resistance to the problem.


  • London School of Economics, MSc Gender, Policy and Inequalities, 2014
  • Regents University London, Certificate Counselling and Psychotherapy, 2003
  • University of Leeds, MA Philosophy,  1999
  • University of Stirling, BA Philosophy, 1995



  • University of Edinburgh, Business School, Influencing skills for MBA students, 2016, 2017
  • University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, The Core Skills of Coaching, 2012
  • University of Leeds, Aristotles Ethics (maternity cover), 1998
  • University of Leeds, Logic (maternity cover), 1998
  • University of Leeds, Philosophy Summer School, 1997-1999


  • London Busness School, University of London, EMBA tutoring, 2013 to present
  • University of Leeds, Undergradute Philosophy Tutor, 1997-1999
  • University of Leeds, Summer School in Philosophy, 1997-1999


  • New Directions, University of Edinburgh, March 2016
  • 'Women, Media and Politics' organised by University of Stirling, on panel entitled 'Being a feminist in public'. June 2016
  • New Directions, University of Edinburgh, April 2017. 'Digital Sociologies' panel.


  • How I Became a Coach, Self and Society: Journal of the Association of Humanistic Psychology in Britain, Aug 2004

Research reported in Media: