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Trends in Informal Caregiving for Disabled Older Americans, 1982-2012

Title
Trends in Informal Caregiving for Disabled Older Americans, 1982-2012
Speaker(s)
Speaker: Dr. Alexander Janus # University of Edinburgh; Hosted by: Sociology # University of Edinburgh
Hosted by
Introduced by
Date and Time
29th Mar 2017 11:00 - 29th Mar 2017 12:00
Location
1st floor practice suite (CMB 1.12)
URL
http://www.sociology.ed.ac.uk/events/seminar_series/2016_2017/trends_in_informal_caregiving_for_disabled_older_americans,_1982-2012

Purpose of the study. We examine trends in informal caregiving for community-dwelling disabled older Americans between 1982 and 2012. We decompose hours of care received from spouses and children according to changes in: (a) the number of potential spousal and child caregivers (“family structure”), (b) the likelihood that existing spouses and children are caregivers (“the propensity to give care”), and (c) the amount of care provided by individual caregivers (“caregiving intensity”). Design and Methods. We examine two sets of time trends based on distinct samples of community-dwelling disabled older Americans from the 1982-2004 waves of the National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS) and the 2000-2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Results. Existing spouses’ and children’s decreasing likelihood of being caregivers led to fewer spousal and child caregivers per disabled older person in the 2004 NLTCS than the 1982 NLTCS. However, the NLTCS and HRS time trends suggest that the amount of care provided by individual spousal and child caregivers has been similar across the thirty years. Implications. Because the intensity of care provided by individual family caregivers has remained fairly constant since the early 1980s, the needs of family caregivers who experience high stress and a high time burden continue to deserve our attention.

Pile of old wooden structures